Appearance poem

Usually, every key player in the puppet show will have his own four narrations when they appear on the stage, and these four narrations are the so-called appearance poems or fixed poems; and the reason why they are called four narrations “Five-character or seven-character ancient poems composed of Min dialect “Nian Bai”.

As far as theatrical performances are concerned, poems appearing are indeed a great feature of puppet shows. In fact, the prolonged voice and the emphasis on intonation and melody should not only let the drama characters self-report their identity, but also make it easier for the audience to understand. Its classical Chinese wording often represents the role, identity and character of the puppets. For example, in a puppet show, the classic poem for the role of Guanyin Bodhisattva is: “South China Sea Putuo is at ease, saying three thousand worlds; Buddhism is boundless, and it is difficult for mortals to reach the lotus platform”, and the poem of Lao Sheng can be: “The moon is over 15 bright. Young people, everything rests in middle age. Children and grandchildren have their own children and grandchildren. Don’t be a horse cow for your children and grandchildren.

The old man’s surname is Wei and his first name is Ji. “And the poem of the store’s Xiaoer can be: “Tea (wine, dishes) welcomes guests from the three islands, and soup is delivered to guests from the five lakes. It is difficult to make money if you can’t taste it. Little A sells tea (wine, vegetables). “Generally speaking, puppet shows use elongated speech, which is between oral and singing. Except for Hua Dan, it only appears in fixed poems. In other words, in addition to appearance poems, puppet shows have more tones. Mainly in the storytelling style.

Shaoyang puppet show

Regarding the development of Taiwan’s puppet theater, the tradition of appearance poems called Si Nian Bai changed drastically in the 1980s, but it still retains a certain degree of confrontation and flatness.

For example, the well-known character Sword Sovereign Twelve Hats in the popular Pili puppet play in Taiwan has the “Twelve Hats” poem adapted from Qing Dynasty writer Zhang Chaoyou Mengying.

In fact, since 1990, in addition to the appearance poems of Taiwanese TV puppet shows, each character has extended the appearance poems into unique personal soundtracks and even the main songs, so that the audience will know that they are about to appear when they listen to the soundtrack. It is the character, this type can also be called the extended mode of the appearance poem.