How does China solve the “stuck neck” problem with key core technologies?

Chang’e 5 returned to the lunar soil, and the “Struggle” completed the 10,000-meter sea trial… In 2020, China’s “nine days to capture the moon and five oceans to catch turtles” is exciting, but some key core technologies are still constrained by others, and a new one In 2010, how China solves the “stuck neck” problem is expected to become one of the hot topics of the National Congress of the People’s Republic of China.

Chinese senior officials are soberly aware of this. General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized that core technologies and key technologies cannot be turned into alms, and we have to work hard on our own. The 2020 Central Economic Work Conference mentioned the “stuck neck” problem twice, and clearly required the implementation of key core technology tackling projects for weak links in the industry, intensive cultivation in the areas of industrial advantage, and more unique skills.

It is particularly noteworthy that when Xi Jinping met with representatives of the participants of the Chang’e-5 mission of the lunar exploration project a few days ago, he repeatedly mentioned “giving full play to the advantages of the new nationwide system.” How to make good use of this significant advantage in the future is undoubtedly the top priority in dismantling the “one sword to seal the throat” and fighting the key core technology battle.

Walk well “the first kilometer”

The analysis pointed out that basic research is the source of technological innovation, and many “stuck neck” technical problems faced by China are rooted in the failure of basic theoretical research to keep up, and the source and underlying issues have not been clarified. Therefore, strengthening basic research and achieving more breakthroughs from “0” to “1” is the core of this battle.

So, how to walk this “first kilometer” well?

Guo Wanda, executive vice president of the China (Shenzhen) Comprehensive Development Research Institute, told a reporter from China News Agency that as the front-end of applied technology, basic research requires the government to play a leading role: First, increase financial support at all levels to encourage and guide enterprises and financial institutions. Institutions and social organizations invest in appropriate forms to form a continuous and stable investment mechanism. The second is to remove institutional barriers, optimize the R&D layout, promote cross-discipline integration, and improve the common basic technology supply system. The third is to create a good scientific research ecology and establish a sound scientific evaluation system and incentive mechanism.

Jia Jinjing, assistant dean of the Chongyang Institute of Finance at Renmin University of China, noted that in recent years, China has attached unprecedented importance to basic research. With the release of “Several Opinions on Comprehensively Strengthening Basic Scientific Research” and other top-level design documents, he believes that the central government’s policy measures for strengthening basic research will continue to come.

Activate the “first resource”

The way of innovation is to win people. Talent is the primary resource, and it is also the “source of living water” to strengthen the country’s strategic scientific and technological capabilities and fight the key core technology battle.

China has the world’s largest contingent of scientific and technological personnel, but there are still many problems in optimizing the talent structure, enhancing innovation capabilities, cultivating top talents, and rationalizing the management system.

“To stimulate the vitality of talent innovation, it is necessary to deepen the reform of the talent development system and mechanism.” Guo Wanda believes that the first point is to introduce market-oriented competition and evaluation systems to eliminate the tendency of only papers, professional titles, academic qualifications, and awards; secondly, It is necessary to fully mobilize the resources of colleges and universities and R&D institutions to promote the development of new R&D institutions.

Scientific achievements are inseparable from spiritual support. Scientific research is usually lonely and cold. This requires vigorously promoting the scientist spirit of patriotism, innovation, truth-seeking, dedication, coordination, and educating people. At the same time, the whole society must further create a social atmosphere that respects labor, knowledge, talents, and creativity.

How does “Fair of the Four Seas” gather?

Technology knows no borders, and international scientific and technological cooperation is the general trend. Independent innovation is an innovation in an open environment. It must not be done behind closed doors, but must be gathered from all corners of the world.

As Xi Jinping emphasized at the symposium of scientists last year, the more we face the blockade and suppression, the less we can engage in self-enclosure and self-isolation. Instead, we must implement a more open, inclusive, and mutually beneficial international science and technology cooperation strategy.

In Jia Jinjing’s view, the central government has issued a document requesting that high-level foreign talents come to China for innovation and entrepreneurship, exploring and promoting foreign scientists to take the lead in undertaking government-supported science and technology projects. More policies and measures aimed at promoting international cooperation in scientific research are worth looking forward to.

At the upcoming National Two Sessions, there will be a considerable number of people in the scientific and technological circles among the delegates, and they must have a lot of insights on how to solve the “stuck neck” problem. I believe that after full discussion in China’s highest forum, the path for China to fight the key core technology battle will become clearer. (Finish)

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